It was the Will of the LORD to establish HIS everlasting covenant with the descendants of Abraham, that HE might be a God to them and they might be a peculiar treasure unto HIM, that through this people, HE might bless all the families of the earth. As long as the descendants of Abraham obeyed the Voice of the LORD to do HIS Will and keep HIS covenant, the LORD would established them as a people above all people that they might be to HIM a kingdom of priests and a holy nation, that through them HE might witness HIS Name into all the earth. But they continued to rebel against the Voice of the LORD, Who guided them with HIS Counsel through His prophets.

It was through His prophet Hosea that the LORD revealed to the children of Israel HIS controversy with the inhabitants of the land, of how they knew not the Truth of God, neither did they manifest His mercy, nor did they proclaim the knowledge of God in all the land. They were called to be a peculiar treasure unto God, to be a kingdom of priests and a holy nation, but the message being revealed in all the land through their swearing, and lying, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery was contrary to the message the LORD wanted to reveal through them in all the earth.


Reasons for the New Covenant

Through HIS servant Isaiah, the Lord said, "Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth: for the LORD hath spoken, I have nourished and brought up children, and they have rebelled against me. The ox knoweth his owner, and the ass his master's crib: [but] Israel doth not know, my people doth not consider. Ah sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, a seed of evildoers, children that are corrupters: they have forsaken the LORD, they have provoked the Holy One of Israel unto anger, they are gone away backward.

"Why should ye be stricken any more? ye will revolt more and more: the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint. From the sole of the foot even unto the head [there is] no soundness in it; [but] wounds, and bruises, and putrifying sores: they have not been closed, neither bound up, neither mollified with ointment. Your country [is] desolate, your cities [are] burned with fire: your land, strangers devour it in your presence, and [it is] desolate, as overthrown by strangers. And the daughter of Zion is left as a cottage in a vineyard, as a lodge in a garden of cucumbers, as a besieged city. Except the LORD of hosts had left unto us a very small remnant, we should have been as Sodom, [and] we should have been like unto Gomorrah. Hear the word of the LORD, ye rulers of Sodom; give ear unto the law of our God, ye people of Gomorrah.

"To what purpose [is] the multitude of your sacrifices unto me? saith the LORD: I am full of the burnt offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; and I delight not in the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, or of he goats. When ye come to appear before me, who hath required this at your hand, to tread my courts? Bring no more vain oblations; incense is an abomination unto me; the new moons and sabbaths, the calling of assemblies, I cannot away with; [it is] iniquity, even the solemn meeting.

"Your new moons and your appointed feasts my soul hateth: they are a trouble unto me; I am weary to bear [them]. And when ye spread forth your hands, I will hide mine eyes from you: yea, when ye make many prayers, I will not hear: your hands are full of blood. Wash you, make you clean; put away the evil of your doings from before mine eyes; cease to do evil; Learn to do well; seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead for the widow. Come now, and let us reason together, saith the LORD: though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool.

"If ye be willing and obedient, ye shall eat the good of the land: But if ye refuse and rebel, ye shall be devoured with the sword: for the mouth of the LORD hath spoken [it]. How is the faithful city become an harlot! it was full of judgment; righteousness lodged in it; but now murderers. Thy silver is become dross, thy wine mixed with water: Thy princes [are] rebellious, and companions of thieves: every one loveth gifts, and followeth after rewards: they judge not the fatherless, neither doth the cause of the widow come unto them.

"Therefore saith the Lord, the LORD of hosts, the mighty One of Israel, Ah, I will ease me of mine adversaries, and avenge me of mine enemies: And I will turn my hand upon thee, and purely purge away thy dross, and take away all thy tin: And I will restore thy judges as at the first, and thy counsellors as at the beginning: afterward thou shalt be called, The city of righteousness, the faithful city. Zion shall be redeemed with judgment, and her converts with righteousness. And the destruction of the transgressors and of the sinners [shall be] together, and they that forsake the LORD shall be consumed" (Isaiah 1:2-28).

The children of Israel rebelled against God
They did not know the LORD
They were laden with iniquity
They were a sinful nation
They became a seed of evildoers
They had forsaken the LORD
They had provoked the Holy One
of Israel unto anger
They were to hear the Word and
give ear to the law of God

Even though the children rebelled
against the LORD, the LORD revealed HIS
Mercy, HIS Grace, HIS Longsuffering and
HIS Goodness towards them, that they
might repent of their ways.

Through the Word by the prophet Isaiah, the LORD revealed to the children of Israel, that if they would be willing and obedient to HIM, they shall eat the good of the land, but if they shall refuse and rebel, they shall be devoured with the Sword, which is the Spoken Word of God. But because the children of Israel were blinded to the Will of God, they did not know the LORD and rebelled against HIM. They continued to removed themselves from the presence of the LORD.

They became as the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah, ready to be destroyed at the presence of the LORD. And like the light bulb in our first study, the children of Israel were disconnecting themselves from the LORD their GOD, WHO called them to be HIS people. And because they knew HIM not, they could not proclaim HIS glory, or HIS Name that they might bless all the nations of the earth. They became a seed of evildoers and had lost the purpose and the meaning of the sacrifices of which they continued to offer unto HIM.

But being faithful to HIS promise of establishing HIS everlasting covenant with the descendants of Abraham, the LORD said to the children of Israel through His servant Isaiah, "Come now, and let us reason together", "though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool".

By receiving the Voice of God, Which is the Power of God, the children of Israel would have remain connected to God, that they might keep God's law. But they rebelled against God and broke the law, which HE covenanted with them, which established God as being their God and the children of Israel as being HIS people.

Links of Love
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The promise of establishing the New Covenant

Through the prophet Jeremiah, the LORD spoke by HIS Word and said, "...Behold, I will bring again the captivity of Jacob's tents, and have mercy on his dwellingplaces; and the city shall be builded upon her own heap, and the palace shall remain after the manner thereof. And out of them shall proceed thanksgiving and the voice of them that make merry: and I will multiply them, and they shall not be few; I will also glorify them, and they shall not be small. Their children also shall be as aforetime, and their congregation shall be established before me, and I will punish all that oppress them.

"And their nobles shall be of themselves, and their governor shall proceed from the midst of them; and I will cause him to draw near, and he shall approach unto me: for who [is] this that engaged his heart to approach unto me? saith the LORD. And ye shall be my people, and I will be your God. Behold, the whirlwind of the LORD goeth forth with fury, a continuing whirlwind: it shall fall with pain upon the head of the wicked. The fierce anger of the LORD shall not return, until he have done [it], and until he have performed the intents of his heart: in the latter days ye shall consider it" (Jeremiah 30:18-24).

"Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will sow the house of Israel and the house of Judah with the seed of man, and with the seed of beast. And it shall come to pass, [that] like as I have watched over them, to pluck up, and to break down, and to throw down, and to destroy, and to afflict; so will I watch over them, to build, and to plant, saith the LORD. In those days they shall say no more, The fathers have eaten a sour grape, and the children's teeth are set on edge. But every one shall die for his own iniquity: every man that eateth the sour grape, his teeth shall be set on edge.

"Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day [that] I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the LORD: But this [shall be] the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people.

"And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the LORD: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the LORD: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more" (Jeremiah 31:27-34).

Notice that the LORD revealed through His prophet Jeremiah, that the days will come when HE will sow the house of Israel and the house of Judah with the seed of men, i.e. that they will be scattered abroad in the nations of the earth. But He will watch over them to rebuild and to plant them again in their own land.

The LORD also said through HIS Word, that the days will come when He will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah. This new covenant would not be according to the covenant that was made with their fathers, for they had promise to keep the covenant, which they had made with the LORD, and by that promise, they were to keep HIS everlasting covenant that God had covenanted with Abraham to establish them as HIS people and that HE would be their God. Although they failed to keep their promise to God in their hearts, God provided a Way to establish HIS everlasting covenant with them, that through HIS Way they would no longer have to tell their neighbours to know the LORD, because they, as well as their neighbours will know HIM through HIS New Covenant with them.

Law in the heart
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Through His servant to the Hebrews, the Lord made it clear how He would establish His new covenant with His people. He said, "...Now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises. For if that first [covenant] had been faultless, then should no place have been sought for the second. For finding fault with them, he saith,

"Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah: Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they continued not in my covenant, and I regarded them not, saith the Lord. For this [is] the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people: And they shall not teach every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for all shall know me, from the least to the greatest. For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more.

"In that he saith, A new [covenant], he hath made the first old. Now that which decayeth and waxeth old [is] ready to vanish away" (Hebrews 8:6-13).

Notice that the problem with the first covenant was not with the covenant of God, but with the promises made by the children of Israel to keep the covenant of God. The new covenant with God would be established on better promises, which were made by the One Who has the power to fulfill and keep the covenant of God.



The LORD promised the children of Israel through HIS servant Moses, that HE will raise up a Prophet among them, Who in HIS NAME would speak HIS words to them. This Prophet would be a Leader like unto Moses to Lead them in the Way of the LORD. They must take heed to the Word of God, Who will veil the great fire of the LORD, that they die not. Through this Prophet, Whom the Father will send unto them, HIS covenant with them will be fulfilled and established.

Notice: In order to discern whether or not the New Testament Christian should observe the Law of God to do them, read each section in the order presented.

1. Introduction   2. The Covenant   3. The New Covenant   4. Covenant Fulfilled  
5. Principles of God's law   6. God's Law of Love   7. Conclusion  

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